Part 8 Crazy Radio

  1. Argentina

Eight services have started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Argentina: 4 in Buenos Aires, 1 in Cordoba, 1 in Lujan, 1 in Parana and 1 in Tandil. 

1.1 Buenos AiresRadio La Colifata (1990)

Radio La Colifata is the world’s first radio station to broadcast from inside a mental hospital.  Radio La Colifata, in Buenos Aires slang means Crazy Radio

A non-commercial radio station, it was founded at the El Borda Psychiatric Hospital in Buenos Aires by psychologist Alfredo Olivera.

In 1990, Olivera began recording patients’ discussions centered around a particular theme. He then transmitted the recording on the radio and after listeners called in with responses he then played them back to residents of the El Borda Hospital.

Two years later live transmissions began from inside the El Borda Hospital “run by psychiatric patients in a makeshift studio”.

“Launched with taped segments sent to a local station, the four-hour program now goes live every Saturday. It can be heard across the Argentine capital, an area home to 10 million people.

Via the internet, it is also heard on more than 30 radio stations in Argentina and elsewhere in Latin America. And stations worldwide can download segments from the station’s website”.

“Radio La Colifata FM 100.1. The first radio station to transmit from a psychiatric hospital!” an announcer shouts into a microphone at Buenos Aires’ Jose Borda Neuropsychiatric Hospital.

“The station produces micro-programs of four hours per week which are distributed to dozens of radio stations, both in Argentina and Latin America”.

Al Jazeera reported in April 2015: Today, the radio frequencies have reached further, with around 50 stations based on the Radio Colifata model in Latin America, Europe and Asia – and soon, it will be setting up outside the asylum, hosted by former patients.

Psychiatric facilities in other countries have subsequently developed similar programs.

Other similar services world-wide:

http://lacolifata.com.ar/en/otras-colifatas

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/LT22_Radio_La_Colifata

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2015/04/argentina-loony-radio-150419152903774.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4120397.stm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hospital_Borda

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/11/live-from-the-inside-a-radio-show-run-by-psychiatric-patients/265199/ 

Article: “Crazy radio: the domestication of mental illness over the airwaves”. Author: Bonini, Tiziano.: :

“May community radio be a therapy for patients who suffer from mental diseases? Can radio be a useful tool both for recovering the selves of the patients and for the normal people outside the hospitals, helping to communicate less stereotyped images of the mental illness?

This article will try to answer these questions, analysing two different case histories, the ones of Radio la Colifata of Buenos Aires the first radio station to be totally conducted by patients and of Radio Rete 180 of Mantova, Italy, the last born of this genre.

The article is the result of ethnographic research conducted in Buenos Aires and in Mantova through the methods of participant observation of the live radio sessions and in-depth interviews with the patients. The experience I had studying these crazy radio stations led me to the belief that community radio practice further enhances the feeling of being at home with ourselves and with others and can effectively work as a tool of social connection and participation, not only in the case of mentally ill patients as it will be shown here, but also in other cases of Otherness (i.e. asylum seekers, migrants, prison inmates, etc.)”.

http://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/intellect/rj/2005/00000003/00000003/art00002?crawler=true&mimetype=application/pdf

1.2FM Desate  Buenos Aires(Córdoba, Argentina) Unleash FM
(CABA, Argentina)

1.3. Buenos AiresEspacio Abierto (Open Space)  

Espacio Abierto 1.4 Buenos AiresDesde Adentro (From Inside). FM Imaginate 88.9 Mhz

1.5  Cordoba – Radio Los Inestables (Unstable)

1.6  Lujan – Radio in Motion 

(CABA, Argentina)

1.7 Parana – Mental Health Radio (2006) 

1.8 Tandil – Radio Radiola. Radio Project and Mental Health

  1. Brazil

Two services have started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Brazil: 1 in Campinas and 1 in Santa Cruz.

2.1 Campinas – Radio Maluco Beleza Radio Maluco Beleza 

Radio Papo Cabeça 2.2 Santa Cruz – Radio Papo Cabeça
(Santa Cruz do Sul, Brasil)3.  Canada

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Canada.

3.1 Montreal – Radio UPRadio UP (2011)

(Montreal, Canadá)“The inspiration originally came from the radio broadcasts of Radio Buenos Aires, Argentina, which broadcast from a psychiatric hospital. A SwedishA Swedish journalist was inspired by them and brought the idea back to Sweden and Radio Totalnormal started in Stockholm, Sweden in 2008. They broadcast from a clubhouse called Fountain House in Stockholm. journalist was inspired by them and brought the concept back to Sweden and Radio Totalnormal started in Stockholm, Sweden in 2008. They broadcast from a clubhouse called Fountain House in Stockholm. Three years later, members of Donald Berman UP House were inspired to start Radio UP when they saw the documentary film of Radio Totalnormal . Three years later, members of Donald Berman Up House were inspired to start Radio UP when they saw the documentary film of Totalnormal Radio”.

“The first episode of Radio UP appeared on the website on October 24 2011”. 

Note:What is Donald Berman UP House ? “Donald Berman Up House” is a clubhouse that Donald Berman UP House is a clubhouse that is part of a world wide movement, Clubhouse International. is part of a worldwide movement called “Clubhouse International”.

“Its goal is to support adults recovering from mental health issues in a community membership where one can rediscover his/her abilities, find respect, friendshipIts goal is to support adults recovering from mental heath issues in a membership community where one can rediscover his/her abilities, find self respect, develop friendship and rebuild a meaningful life. and rebuild/develop a meaningful life. The Donald Berman Up House opened in July 2010 and has about 700 members.”We opened in July 2010 and we have about 700 members and we are still growing.

  1. Chile 

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Chile. 

4.1 Valparaiso – Difference Radio

  1. Costa Rica

One service has started broadcasting to psychiatric patients in Costa Rica.

5.1 San Jose – Sitio Podemos Volar – Site We Can FlyPodemos Volar 

  1. France

Five services have started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in France: 1 in Bruges, 1 in Paris, 1 in Roubaix, 1 in Strasbourg and 1 in Toulouse.

6.1Radio Drôles des Zèbres Bruges – Radio Drôles des Zèbres
(Bruges, Francia)

6.2 Paris – Radio Citron

Les Z’entonnoirs 6.3 Roubaix – Radio Les Z’entonnoirs
(Roubaix, Francia)

One report about Radio Colifata that started in 1990 in Buenos Aires read: “I looked again into the possibility of a radio station broadcasting from an inpatient psychiatric facility. I found around fifty such stations based on the Radio Colifata model in Latin America and Europe, including Les Z’entonnoirs in Roubaix, France.

6.4 Strasbourg – Radio Arc-en-CielRadio Arc-en-Ciel
(Strasbourg, Francia)

Radio Microsillons 6.5 Toulouse – Radio Microsillons
(Toulouse, Francia)

  1. Germany

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Germany.

7.1Redaktion Durchgeknallt Nurembug – Radio Z 95.8FM (Núremberg, Alemania)

Radio magazine for psychiatric healing.

  1. Italy

Six services have started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Italy: 1 in Bologna, 1 in Jesi, 1 in Mantova, 1 in Milan, 1 in Modena and 1 in Pisa.

Psicoradio 8.1 Bologna – Psicoradio
(Bologna, Italia)

8.2 Jesi – Radio Senza MuriRadio Senza Muri (Jesi, Italia) (Without Walls)

8.3 Mantova – Radio Rete 180 (Network 180)

One report about Radio Colifata that started in 1990 in Buenos Aires read: “I looked again into the possibility of a radio station broadcasting from an inpatient psychiatric facility. I found around fifty such stations based on the Radio Colifata model in Latin America and Europe, including Radio Rete in Italy”.

An article entitled: “Crazy radio: the domestication of mental illness over the airwaves”, includes the following section: “This article will try to answer these questions, analysing two different case histories, the ones of Radio la Colifata of Buenos Aires the first radio station to be totally conducted by patients and of Radio Rete 180 of Mantova, Italy”.

http://www.rete180.it/

La Terra é Blu 8.4 Milan – La Terra e Blu (Earth & Blue)

8.5 Modena – Radio Liberamente (Freely)Radio Liberamente
(Módena, Italia) 

8.6 Pisa – Radio Collegamenti (Links). 91.1-91.6FM Radio Collegamenti
(Pisa, Italia)

  1. Mexico

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Mexico.

9.1 Radio Abierta (DF, México) Mexico City – Open Radio

“Open Radio is the first radio in Mexico run for people with psychiatric experience.”

The service is available on the internet 24 hours, live on for periods on various radio stations and since June 2009, every Wednesday from 10 to 13 hrs, in a garden of the UAM-Xochimilco (University). “Since 2011 we implemented theDesde el año 2011 implementamos la modalidad de Radio Abierta Ambulante que consiste en llevar nuestro dispositivo comunicacional a instituciones como el Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz y al Hospital Psiquiátrico Fray Bernardino Álvarez.   Open Radio Ambulante mode that is to bring our communications device to institutions such as the National Institute of Psychiatry Ramon de la Fuente Muniz and the Psychiatric Hospital Fray Bernardino Alvarez”.

  1. Peru

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Peru.

10.1 Lima – Radio Descosidos (Radio Unstitched)

“Micro-programmes are produced by Radio Descosidos for the patients of the Larco Herrera Psychiatric Hospital!.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKyAAutnN_U

  1. Portugal 

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Portugal. 

11.1 Lisbon – Radio Aurora voice outra (other voice) 

  1. Russia 

12.1 Moscow – “Radio Through the Looking Glass” (2014)

A report dated August 2016: “MOSCOW psychiatric hospital’s radio presenters diagnosed with mental illness look on during a radio show broadcast live from the Alexeyev hospital.

The radio show is broadcast live from a the psychiatric hospital every Saturday and kicks off with a jokey jingle — “Radio Through the Looking Glass, it’s nuts!”.

This is a station with a difference: Russia’s first to transmit from a psychiatric institution whose presenters are all being treated for mental illness, mostly schizophrenia.

The idea came from a radio station in Spain, says psychiatrist Arkady Shmilovich, who heads the hospital’s rehabilitation department and the radio project.

He remains hands-off, saying after 50 years as a practising psychiatrist “we decided [medical] professionals should stay out of it.” The radio has allowed patients to develop new skills and “today in my view they are already professionals,” he says.

“They absolutely don’t just broadcast about psychiatry. It’s about love, children, holidays or homosexuality. Life as it is — that’s what they talk about.” —AFP

Named after Lewis Carroll’s fantasy tale about Alice, the station started in 2014, broadcasts online and has caught attention in a country where there is still a massive stigma around mental illness.

The presenters are outpatients, living at home, with two saying they travel 90 minutes to take part in the novel broadcast. They range in age from the 20s to the late 40s.

“I don’t tell my tragic tale to all and sundry … but none of my friends whom I told about my mental condition have rejected me at all,” said presenter Mikhail Larsov.

Many prefer not to use their real names but speak articulately about their situation — with no supervision from medics. “We ourselves, let’s be honest, don’t always understand what’s going on inside ourselves — just you try explaining it to other people!” said Daniil, who has worked for two national newspapers.

Diagnosed as a teenager, he describes feeling “like there’s an opaque wall between me and the rest of the world.” After a broadcast, he struggles to stay awake, head in hands.

State-run Mir24 television hailed the project. “It’s unlikely, but from the first few minutes you can see that such non-standard therapy brings results: someone who looked lost before the show suddenly starts talking without hesitation, practically like a professional presenter.”

During the broadcasts, editor-in-chief Darya Blagova checks the schedule on a tablet while her husband Vitaly, who handles the technical side, weaves in pre-recorded sections. Blagova came to the radio via journalism training and earns a small wage from a charitable foundation that supports the station — as do the presenters.

Another host, Larsov, had worked at a Moscow radio station but after a hospital stay was told to leave. He has since struggled through odd jobs and unemployment. I came here when I felt really low. I had lost radio work and was on a lot of medication,” he says, talking openly about a suicide attempt and calling Alexeyev hospital “one of the most civilised” psychiatric facilities he has experienced.

 “This radio saved me,” says Larsov, whose feats have included getting an interview with Russian rock star Andrei Makarevich. “I could return to journalism, I could develop myself.”

It has also been a lifeline for another presenter, Nikolai Voronovsky. “Time that could be spent with the blues, with depression, becomes productive and enriches you,” he says.

Everybody hurts: Russian radio airs from psychiatric hospital

  1. Spain

Four services have started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Spain. 1 in Barcelona, 1 in Malaga, 1 in girona and 1 in Marbella.

13.1 Barcelona – Radio Nikosia

One report about Radio Colifata that started in 1990 in Buenos Aires read: “I looked again into the possibility of a radio station broadcasting from an inpatient psychiatric facility. I found around fifty such stations based on the Radio Colifata model in Latin America and Europe, including Nikosia in Barcelona”.

Radio Nikosia: “It is one of the first stations made by people who have been diagnosed with mental health problems. Es una experiencia que intenta una mirada lateral sobre la locura y busca vías alternativas -y alterativas- en el área para de-construir el estigma. It is an experience that attempts a lateral gaze on madness and looking for alternative ways-and alterativas- in the area to deconstruct stigma. Nikosia es un umbral, una plaza íntima, un nuevo territorio de escucha y participación social para y con personas afectadas. Nikosia is a threshold, an intimate place, a new territory listening and social participation for and with people affected. Su base es la utilización de la radio -y otros medios de comunicación- como medios de expre- sión, intervención y visibilización social, pero a la vez explora otras vías como la del arte, la poesía, la literatura en general en tanto formas de “decir” y actuar socialmente. Its basis is the use of radio-and other forms of communication as a means of expression, speech and social visibility, but also exploring other avenues such as art, poetry, literature in general in both forms of “say” and act socially”.

“RadioRadio Nikosia son más de 70 personas que se reúnen para darle forma a ese intento de hablar de la locura desde la voz que la sufre, para soltarse a esa posibili- dad de hacer un tipo de política de subsuelo, cierta militancia desde el margen que, en definitiva, aquí se reinventa como un tipo de catarsis que abre nuevas puertas. Nikosia are more than 70 people who gather to shape the attempt to speak of madness from the voice that suffers, to be released to the possibility of making a type of subsoil policy, certain militancy from the margin in short, here is reinvented as a kind of catharsis that opens new doors. Radio Nikosia increpa a la locura, la cuestiona, se refugia en ella, la expul- sa, la redefine, la ubica en el lugar de lo normal, la abraza, convive con ella y sus vaivenes; Radio Nikosia rebukes madness, questions, took refuge in it, ejects, redefines the ranks of the ordinary, hugs, lives with her and her comings and goings; la padece. He suffers. Es una emisora transversal realizada por personas que buscan comunicar y comunicarse como una estrategia en pos de de-construir las bases del propio sufrimiento. It is a cross broadcast by people who seek to communicate and communicate as a strategy towards deconstruct the foundations of suffering itself. La experiencia es coordinada por la Asociación Socio-Cultural Radio Nikosia. The experience is coordinated by the Socio-Cultural Association Radio Nikosia”.

13.2 Malaga – Romper barreras (Breaking barriers) 

13.3 Girona – Radio El Cigne Rostit  (Swan Roast)

El Cigne Rostit

13.4 Marbella – Radio Travesías (Radio Crossings) 

El Programa de radio Travesías es una actividad que se lleva adelante por pacientes mentales graves que son vecinos de Marbella, en Andalucía, España. “The Crossings Radio program is an activity that is carried out by severe mental patients who are residents of Marbella, Andalusia, Spain. Dicho programa se emite por Radio y Televisión Marbella los viernes, de dos y media a tres y media de la tarde, por la frecuencia de FM 107.6 y es posible escucharlo en esta página de manera diferida. This program is broadcast by Radio and Television Marbella Fridays from 2:30 to 15:30, on 107.6 FM frequency”.

“We emphasize that the program name, Crossings, justifies what we think. Travesías es un viaje, un recorrido, un itinerario hacia la integración social de la persona con enfermedad mental. Crossings is a journey towards the social integration of people with mental illness”.

El programa se enmarca dentro de las actividades de Talleres y Eventos para la Integración Social que realiza la Asociación El Fogón de las Culturas (ElFoCu), es coordinado por el Psicologo Gustavo Acín (ver Zona Psí, Temas de Salud Mental ) y tiene dos objetivos fundamentales: en primer lugar, es un espacio terapéutico para el colectivo que interviene en él. “The program has two objectives fundamental: first, it is a therapeutic space for the group involved in it. El segundo objetivo y el The second objective and más ambicioso es a nivel de la repercusión social del programa. A través del programa radial Travesías, se busca sensibilizar a la población en general, a la audiencia, sobre la realidad del enfermo mental. more ambitious level is the social impact of the program. Through the radio program Crossings, it seeks to sensitize the general public, the audience, about the reality of the mentally ill”.La mayoría de las personas desconoce que realmente es capaz de hacer un individuo con alguna enfermedad mental, se desconoce el potencial de sus capacidades.

  1. Sweden

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Sweden. 

14.1 Stockholm – Radio Totalnormal (2008)

“The inspiration originally came from the radio broadcasts of Radio Buenos Aires, Argentina, which broadcast from a psychiatric hospital. A SwedishA Swedish journalist was inspired by them and brought the idea back to Sweden and Radio Totalnormal started in Stockholm, Sweden in 2008. They broadcast from a clubhouse called Fountain House in Stockholm. journalist was inspired by them and brought the concept back to Sweden and Radio Totalnormal started in Stockholm, Sweden in 2008. They broadcast from a clubhouse called Fountain House in Stockholm”. Three years later, members of Donald Berman UP House were inspired to start Radio UP when they saw the documentary film of Radio Totalnormal .

“Radio Totalnormal is operated by the association Fanzingo supported by the National Board of Health and in collaboration with Fountain House Stockholm”.

Radio Totalnormal is a radio show that talks openly about mental illness.

“We’re live with audiences from Götgatan 38 in Stockholm. The program is transmitted and recorded on Thursdays between the hours of 14:00 to 15:30. In the winter we keep to the dining room at Fountain House and in the summer when it’s nice weather we move on Götgatan”.

Elle est réalisée de façon hebdomadaire depuis 2005 dans les labos de la fabrique culturelle La Condition Publique à Roubaix. http://www.radiototalnormal.se

  1. Uruguay 

One service has started broadcasting to people with psychiatric problems in Uruguay.

15.1 Montevideo – Radio Vilardevoz (1997)

Radio Vilardevoz began operating in November 1997. The project stands on three pillars: participation, communication and mental health.