As at 1 August 2016 no hospital TV services were operating.
1.1 Eastward Hospital Television (1984)
2.1 Eastward Hospital Television (1984)
The idea for a television service was born at South Essex Hospital Broadcasting Service (SEHB) when one of its members, Ian Bancroft, bought a camera and video equipment “which first saw the light of day a week later at another SEHB Outside broadcast from the Horndon Feast and Fair. Here Ian and a few others tried their hand at interviewing and various other productions techniques to produce a video”.
For further details of the build up to the formation of the Eastwood Hospital Television service go to: http://www.etv.talktalk.net/page3.html
SEHB decided to start a hospital television service and “Eastward Hospital Television” was formed in early 1984 with about three or four people, bringing in others when required. Throughout the summer of 1984 a number of experimental programmes were produced, ranging from a thirty minute visit to a local arts festival to short items on a local museum, parachuting and steam trains.
In addition to Ian, the early members included Dennis Rookard, Kevan & Liz Furbank, John Morris, Steve & Linda Andrews and Frances Williamson.
“In those early days back in 1984 we broadcast our programmes using a piggy back system of twin video playback machines, each feeding a signal via computer driven time switching equipment and a Teletext computer into the hospitals own internal cable system. This enabled us to broadcast two four hour programmes a day, offering our viewers in the hospitals day rooms where the television sets were located an eight hour daily service.”
Initially the plan was to start broadcasting at the Basildon Hospital but, when staff at the psychiatric hospital at Warley, in Brentwood, found out they asked for the service to be extended to them. Eastward Hospital Television provided the first programmes in February 1985, video cassettes being provided to the Warley hospital where they were watched by patients in the “Skyview club”.
“Within months, we were invited to provide television service via cable to Orsett hospital in Grays, Hightwood hospital in Brentwood and the Warley psychiatric hospital, also in Brentwood. The Highwood hospital invitation also gave us the chance of establishing a studio and storage location in an old disused ward, which became our home for the next ten years”.
Dennis Rookard wrote in April 1986: “Whilst we were producing the Warley cassettes we were working on the technical problems related to the Basildon cable system and were able to start a full seven day a week colour service in late 1985. The service operates by having a unit that switches Channel 4 off air at around 9.30am and broadcasts our four hour cassette, which has all programmes and links pre-recorded on it.
At the end of our four hours we switch back to Channel 4, whilst the tape winds back, ready for the next broadcast. The service makes use of a VHS playback machine to feed its signals into the ward via a cable system. Programmes are all pre-recorded, so no studio is required, other than a member’s home to shoot the links between programmes. As for programming, apart from local productions, we show sponsored films as well as TV series we have been given by ITV companies”.
Dennis also reported: “The programme on the cassette normally starts with the station call sign, produced via a Spectrum computer, then one of our announcers appears to give the schedule. The usual order is to start with a local feature, normally lasting 10-15 minutes, then a sponsored film before another local item and so on until the end of the cassette”.
In December 1993 the service had about 30 members and was serving the Basildon Hospital, Warley Hospital, Highwood Hospital, Fairhavens Hospice (Southend) and St Lukes Hospice (Basildon). Of the original members, Dennis Rookard, Ian Bancroft and John Morris were still members.
“Over the next ten years our network developed to include a special public service for those waiting in the accident and emergency departments of Basildon and Orsett hospitals, and for those hospitals without a cable system, four hour video cassettes were given to two local hospices and a small hospital for the elderly”.
“But by 1995 major Health Trust policy changes that resulted in the closing down of three of our prime target hospitals and the turning of others into day hospitals mean that we were back to Basildon as the only service, and even this was under threat as the day rooms where our viewers saw our programmes were being converted into offices or ward space”.
“If we were going to survive, then we would have to have a major rethink of how we were going to reach our audience, indeed if we could not broadcast into our hospitals by cable, how could we reach them. Or so our discussions went, should we start looking for an entirely new audience elsewhere”.
“The answer came from a request by a local old folks home for ETV to allow them to show our video cassettes to their elderly residents. If they are interested we reasoned, would other old folks homes. So began a series of meetings with home wardens and social services staff what kind of programming would be required, how often and more important, how long should the cassette be. Eventually we decided to produce several pilot shows in various formats to see which one worked”.
“From the comments we received we decided on a 60 minute programme format, being of local and timeless interests. The video cassette (now DVD as well) could be distributed around nursing homes or hospitals and could even be taken away for home viewing by the staff. We even gave it a name. Essex in Vision as our on air name was a bit of a mouthful and everybody and their dog called us EASTWARD, nobody knew where we were located”.
“This is totally free of charge and distributed to more than sixty local Nursing homes, Warden Controlled homes and local hospitals covering Brentwood, Basildon, Havering, Barking, Southend and Maldon. Its content is of a local nature with features on local activities in and around South East Essex and the East London area. Bringing the outside world to those that cannot visit it”.
40 of the locations receiving the service were:
Hospitals (5): Warley Hospital, Highwood Hospital, Fairhavens Hospice, Marillac & St Luke’s Hospice
Day Centres (4): Age Concern – Romford, Greenview Centre, Richmond Road & Thurrock Hospital.
Sheltered Housing (14): Brookfield Close, Chichester House, Douglas Matthew House, Fox Hatch House, Hill Hove, Juniper Court, Laindon House, Montbazin House, Primrose Court, Quennel Way, Shaftesbury Court, St Peters Court, Tyrrel Court & Winifred Dell House.
Residential Homes (14): Abbleigh House, Brooks House, Chelmer House, Clover Cottage, Elmhurst Lodge, Hampden House, Heron Court, Marks Lodge, Maybank Lodge, Nightingale, Oaklands, Squirrels’ The Grange, Willows Rest Home & Winifred.
Other Viewers (3): Essex Archive, Essex Libraries & Roth – Germany
The 2016 HBA entry states: “EastWard Hospital Television, the working name for Eastward Television Charity Fund, was established in 1984 and broadcasts to 40 hospitals”.The service’s web site statement 1 July 2016 reads “Sadly Eastward TV is not operating at the present time. We hope this may change. You can still view our videos on YouTube and these will be updated”.
See 1. Basildon
3.1 DRH Radio and Television Service Buxton (1972)
During 1972 the management at the Devonshire Royal Hospital was proposing to replace the many individual ward aerials with a master TV aerial system. Jim Dingle, who had started the music based hospital broadcasting service in November 1963, realised that this would allow other TV programmes to be distributed to the wards through the same system. He obtained a security camera and monitor to show the Chief Officer a picture of himself and so obtained support for a hospital television service.
The first show to be broadcast to the patients in the Devonshire Royal Hospital was the staff Christmas Concert in December 1972. NAHBO’s 1974 Directory of Hospital Broadcasting Organisations records: “DRH Radio and Television Service Buxton”. Devonshire Royal Hospital. 14 members. Start of TV service: December 1972.
The service, which started with low cost black and white equipment, changed over to colour in 1982. In the mid 1980s programmes were being broadcast for an hour, once a fortnight, on Sunday afternoons. Programme content made up largely of local music groups and recorded local events (such as the annual Wells Dressing Procession).
Michael Bryant, a member of the service, wrote in 1992: “A news quiz based on the weeks news, as reported by the Daily Mirror, proved popular in the early days and was followed by an inter-department quiz. Local music groups, choirs and bands have always been eager to perform. We now broadcast such a performance every other Sunday afternoon except holiday times. Currently about 10 members are concerned with TV shows”.
4.1 Viper TV (1980)
A service called Viper TV was started in 1979 by a voluntary group formed from nurses in the County of Chester Hospital in Liverpool Road, Chester. Its organiser was David Beech, a night charge nurse. The service was funded by the Manpower Services Commission.
It first went on air in 1980 and by 1985 cables had been laid to all 32 wards in the psychiatric wing of the hospital. In 1987 Viper TV was producing two programmes per week – Extension 327, a live 30 minute magazine programme, and Ward News.
In December 1993 Dennis Rookard, representing NAHBO’s TV Group, wrote: “I have a feeling that this service has closed down. It was based in a psychiatric hospital and was staffed by the now defunct Manpower Services Scheme who paid the wages of those involved”.
5.1 Colchester Hospital Television (1993)
Colchester Hospital Television was started by Paul Diggens and first went on air in November 1993. Funding was provided by the Colchester Hospital League of Friends and Hospital Management who had asked the Colchester Hospital Radio group to start a TV service.
By January 1994 the service was broadcasting to about 80 TV sets in the General Hospital from 3pm to 5 pm, three days per week.
The studio, which is located in the Wilson Marriage Centre, is equipped with a collection of vision and audio mixers, working on High Eight format. In addition S-VHS equipment is available. Programmes are relayed to the patients using time switch video playback recorders.
See Part 3. Colchester for the history of Hospital Radio Colchester.
6.1 Windmill HTV (1993)
In the summer of 1993 Colin Robson and a few others formed a service called “Windmill HTV’. A report read: “Patients in the Northumberland hospital will soon be able to tune into the signal of Windmill Hospital Television. They are in the planning stage and hope to be on the air shortly.
It is not known when the service ceased broadcasting.
7.1 TOC H (Dundee) Hospital Broadcasting Television Service (1967)
A TOC H article on the Dundee Hospital Broadcasting Service in the mid 1960s read: “Shortly the group is moving into new and larger premises, where they plan to experiment with closed circuit television for hospital patients”.
Another article read: “The biggest do-it-yourself operation in the history of broadcasting in Britain should achieve its aim by the end of this year – regular television broadcasts to hospitals in Dundee.
They are now meeting members of the medical and nursing staffs of the city hospitals to discuss what type of programmes would best suit the patients’ needs and wishes. At the moment, however, the need for a video tape recorder can only be met by the provision of £800, and already the answers have presented themselves. Students at Dundee University have guaranteed the TOC H Group £500 from their Rag Week activities. The bigger problems will be finding the sum needed to provide a land line from the studio to the first hospital on the network. As the law stands this will require £200 a year on a five year contract payable in advance. The group is working on this”.
“The television studio was officially opened at the end of May 1966 although there were no transmissions to the hospitals apart from the regular radio broadcasts. On the night of Monday 18 September 1967 the group broadcast as usual to the hospitals by radio but had a live television transmission around the studio complex to an invited audience of people who had helped the group prepare its TV studios and launch the first known Hospital Broadcasting Television Service in the world”.
“BBC Cardiff provided a complete mobile VTR unit which was a Morris Van with all video equipment intact. The van was in use until delivery at the Investiture of The Prince of Wales and later accompanied the Prince on his tour around Wales. The main advantage of the van was that if suitable programmes could be recorded in the studios at Cleghorn Street, these could then be taken along to the various hospitals in the van and linked into the receiving end without the need for landline links”.
“The Cleghorn Street studios of the TOC H (Dundee) Hospital Broadcasting Television Service were officially opened on 26 September 1969 by Lord Aylestone, then Chairman of the Independent Television Authority. The first transmitted programme to a hospital by the fledgling TV service occurred on the 5 July 1970 to two wards at Royal Victoria Hospital”.
Malcolm Finlayson, an ex-member of the service recalled: “The television service was the brainchild of Mr James McClure (who was to devote 30 years to the Hospital Broadcasting Service in Dundee), the then TOC H Chairman, who conceived the idea in 1965. Only one programme was broadcast – entitled ‘Dundee Past and Present’ – it featured photographs and sketches of Dundee scenes during the previous 70 years, and it was presented by me”.
In the late 1960s TOC H reported: “Mr James McClure, who has been associated with this TOC H group since its inception, said after the first full dress rehearsal recently – ‘We hope to be hooked up to the Royal Victoria Hospital first because most of the patients there are long term. Shortly we hope to be able to buy a video tape recorder which will allow us to stock material showing scenes in and around the city. It is also proposed to show various games and activities which the viewers can later try for themselves’.
The television broadcasts will extend, not replace, the group’s sound broadcasting service which began nearly 15 years ago (1953) with commentaries of football matches from the Dundee FC and Dundee United Clubs. It would be difficult, however, to select anyone person or group of persons who have contributed more than another to this enterprise but patently without equipment it would have been still-born.
For this in the first instance Mr George Thomson, local MP, and Commonwealth Secretary, must be given credit. It was he who first contacted Lord Normanbrook and Lord Thomson to discover what happened to surplus equipment in the BBC and STV studios. Now he and the TOC H group know the answer – much of it, worth thousands of pounds, is in the Dundee studio. To equip themselves for the task TOC H production teams have given up weeks of their holidays to travel to Glasgow to acquire first-hand experience in the studios of the national broadcasting organisations”.
James McClure died in 1972, and shortly afterwards, in November 1973, the television service was abandoned. Overtaken by the introduction of colour television, which made TOC H’s black and white service obsolete.
The TOC H technicians were Pat Baigrie, Bill Burke, Alec Cobb (an electrician at Maryfield Hospital), Jim Nicoll (Group Engineer for the Dundee General Hospitals), Bert Forsyth, Alan McLaglan, Stanley Frew and Sandy Angus. The compare was Mrs Mabel McCowan (wife of a consultant anaesthetist at Dundee Royal Infirmary).
See Part 3. Dundee for the history of the TOC H Hospital Radio Service.
8.1 Conquer Television (1986)
The idea to start a hospital television in Hastings originated when a few members of Hastings Hospital Radio visited NAHBO’s 1985 AGM. In 1986 the service had the name “Conquer Television”.
No broadcasts took place.
9.1 Harefield Hospital Television (1986)
Harefield Hospital TV was formed in 1986 as an offshoot of Hospital Radio Harefield. The original members included Simon Lloyd and Bob Warman.
In November 1993 Simon Lloyd wrote: “The control room is an Outside Broadcast (OB) truck originally with Yorkshire TV. Recent years have been spent fund raising and installing first stages of our cable distribution system. Some videos have been made for specific uses and played out on local VCR’s. Regular shows to patients are currently limited to the occasional live OB, notably the hospital fun run. Training and entertainment videos are also made. We hope to start regular news programmes early 1994“.
An article in the November 1993 issue of “Pulse”, the station’s own newspaper, read: “Building up our collection of studio equipment has taken over six years, but at last we can reveal in this edition of “Pulse” that we are about to hit the airways in a big way! We are planning to produce a regular news programme of approximately five or six minutes in length, initially every Sunday afternoon and repeated on Wednesday evening.
The programme will include news about the hospital and news from the Harefield area. We also plan to produce “News Special”, which will consist of interviews with the important decision makers inside and outside the hospital”.
For further information on the history of the Harefield Hospital Television service go to: http://sdlloyd.demon.co.uk/hhtv.htm
In July 2016 the web site was not responding: http://www.hhtv.org. The service may have ceased broadcasting.
10.1 Hitchin’s Psychiatric Hospital TV Service (about 1989)
For a short period, possibly commencing in the late 1980s, Radio Fairfield operated a TV service at Hitchin’s Psychiatric Hospital.
The service is thought to have broadcast video films and the occasional church service.
The service ceased operating when the Phychiatric Hospital closed in 1999.
11.1 5HCV (1983)
In 1987 William Stewart, President of 5HCV – Inverclyde, wrote: “We started issuing our transmission tapes in November 1983 and for the first 100 tapes did so every week. Due to equipment problems and personnel changes we now send tapes out on a fortnightly basis. The tapes, on VHS format, contain on average 2 hours of home grown material, ie shot and edited in Inverclyde and surrounds and occasionally some educational material bought under licence.
To date (March 1987) we have canned some 980 individual productions ranging from a 5 minute church chat by local clergy to 14 hours of recorded material on the tall ships race (later edited to a couple of half hour programme selections). The format on our transmission tapes is similar to any broadcast station in terms of having a continuity announcer (in vision) introducing the various programming sections, and all sections building to the 2 hours or so as mentioned, ie opening montage – continuity – in and around (local events) – continuity – folk singer 2 songs – continuity – church chat – continuity – video 5 etc etc”.
A publicity leaflet of 1986 stated that the five Hs in 5HCV stood for Hospitalised, Housebound, Handicapped and Hard of Hearing. The CV is Community Video.
William added: “We currently have about 30 active members and fund raise to provide video machines to areas such as sheltered housing, etc. At the present moment 5HCV is assisted by a Manpower Services Commission project team which was designed by myself to work with 5HCV to produce the tapes to a higher quality than time may permit a voluntary team on their own. It was 5HCV who provided the live breakfast TV channel at the Scottish NAHBO conference for the first time”.
The 5HCV tapes were produced with the help of Inverclyde District Council Recreational Services Department Video Production Unit and the actual programmes made by hospital broadcasting volunteers who took part in production, camera operation, editing, lighting and presenting.
The tapes were broadcast in Inverclyde Royal Hospital by a closed cable system, and to centres with their own machines at: Hillend House, Fitgerald Centre, The Epilepsy Centre, Bridge of Weir, Ravenscraig and Rankin Hospitals.
The service closed in the late 1980’s when funding to pay the wages of their full time staff from Manpower Services ended.
12.1 Lancaster and District Hospital Television (1977)
A service called “Lancaster and District Hospital Television” started broadcasting in black and white in December, 1977. The initial studio was in a cellar of the nurses home at the Moor Hospital, Lancaster. The founder members were Ian Birnie, Peter Milward, Amanda Birnie (nee Wilson), Colin Sheard, Noel Houghton, Fred Redfern, Ralph Rawlinson, Dorothy Newbury, Derek McArdle, Richard Baldwin, Dave Guest, Dave Gudgeon, Brenda Smith, John Atkinson and May Shepherd.
A member’s manual, circa 1992, stated the following: “Our first programme was broadcast in 1977. A few members of hospital radio at the Royal Lancaster Infirmary used the TV facility at the Moor Hospital to provide a visual hospital radio. The pilot programme consisted of a guided tour of events around the area over a four week period. Since our first ‘Sunday Scene’, the original title, was broadcast we have continued to produce a weekly programme for the local hospital community.
In 1981 we changed studios, and Rockery House, our present studio, became home. We changed the programme title to ‘Moor View’ and expanded the programme to cover the Royal Albert Hospital and part of the Queen Victoria Hospital at Morecambe. As often as we can we visit and film life in the wards and day rooms within the four hospitals we serve. This helps us to keep in touch with the patients and staff. The bulk of the programme will continue to be material filmed outside the hospitals in the local community reflecting the life and times of our community”.
By the mid 1980s the service had upgraded its equipment and was using colour cameras. At its peak the Lancaster & District Television service was available to about 3400 patients in the Lancaster Moor Hospital, Royal Albert Hospital and Queen Victoria Hospital. In 1992 the service was further extended to include the Royal Lancaster Infirmary.
An article written in January 1993 stated: “One of the nation’s oldest hospital television stations has been given it’s marching orders and ordered to be closed down. The shock news for the thirty volunteers of the Lancaster and District Hospital Television service was not unexpected, for they had been living on borrowed time since hearing that the two Psychiatric hospitals they broadcast into were due to close. For station chief Bill Livesey and his thirty strong team, it’s the end of a fifteen year association”.
The service ceased operating in about January 1994. The longest serving members were Ian Birnie (16 years), Bill Livesey (12), Ron & Ruth Gibbons (12), Nigel Brett (12) and John Atkinson (10).
13.1 “Radio Gosh TV Service” (About 1994)
In December 1993 Radio Gosh, operating at Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital requested information on setting up a TV service.
Dennis Rookard of NAHBO’s Television Group reported: “The service wants to show the studio to the childrens ward whilst a radio show is on air – rather like Chrystal in Sheffield”.
It is not known if this service started broadcasting.
14.1 TV4U (1990)
A TV service called “TV4U’ was founded at the Northampton General Hospital in April 1990 by Paul Turland and Robin Loydell who were members of Radio Nene Valley.
Robin Loydell wrote: After consulting a fellow colleague and finding a similar feeling, we decided to conduct a feasibility study. A month later, after discussions with the hospital authorities, “Northampton Hospital Cable Television” came into fruition. We then took on the task of laying cables from our newly acquired basement rooms to various points within the hospital complex. Then linking to the main TV system for the wards. In our “leisure” time, we converted our two rooms into three – studio, gallery and crew room”.
“By this time two had grown to six, rules had formed into a constitution, working title changed to “Northampton Hospital Television” in short TV4U and registered charity status achieved”.
A report dated 1993 read: “TV4U, who provide the TV service for Northampton have been putting their talents before a wider public. For they have produced a video of some old film of the city. According to the group it’s been a best seller and has helped swell the station’s coffers. The group have also done a deal with their local football team, whereby video of the Saturday game, is broadcast over their network on a Sunday”.
The service ceased producing programmes in 2001. Paul Turland wrote in 2016: “We had volunteers from College Media Studies who all went back to heir various Colleges in September 01. It became difficult to get enough volunteers to replace them. TV requires more staff to operate than a Radio Studio”.
Paul added; “The situation wasn’t helped when `Tele-Call’ Bedside Units arrived and the only place big enough to accommodate them was our custom-built studio complex (Studio, Gallery, small Kitchen and small Reception area). [We were moved from our first premises, 3 big rooms in the basement, due to new wards and a clinic being built.] The Hospital were kind enough to convert a little-used toilet – yes, toilet! – just down the corridor into our new room. If we had started again I’ve no idea how we would make this room into a usable studio!”
An article issued in 2001, just prior to service’s final broadcast, reported on the TV services and programmes available “These are received on the Ward and Department sets via our cable distribution system, so far covering around 85% of the hospital site”.
The service ceased broadcasting in 2001.
See Part 3. Northampton for the history of Radio Nene Valley.
15.1 Hospital Television Portsmouth (About 1982)
Dave Abbot, Barry Westwood and a few others established an organisation called Hospital Television Portsmouth in the early 1980s. It was an offshoot of Portsmouth Hospital Radio and started broadcasting at St Marys Hospital. The service was given an industrial TV set up, which included vision mixers, camera, lights etc.
A report in the mid 1980s read: “However there was one slight snag. It was five years old when they got it, so it is now almost ten years old. Yet another problem was that each camera required a long cable to connect it to the rest of the equipment and each set of cable connectors and cable will set them back almost a thousand pounds. They also still don’t know if the system will work at the end of the day”.
In 1991 Dennis Rookard wrote: “Dave Abbot has now left the area. The station, after dumping its original ex-professional equipment, has gone over to the VHS format. After eight or so years it is still building its studio in an old gate house, and in the few wards cabled up is broadcasting a relay of satellite TV and the odd video film. It is not yet producing its own programming”.
In 1994 a studio was being built in the old porters lodge at St Marys Hospital and the station was producing about 2/3 hours of locally made programmes each year. The Group Secretary Judi Mould reported that the station was having technical problems in the control room and lacked a sufficient number of members. The station had produced videos of three hospital pantomimes presented by the local health service dramatic society.
See Part 3. Portsmouth for the history of the Portsmouth Hospital Broadcasting Association.
16.1 Crystal Radio & Television Service (1991)
In 1991 a TV service started broadcasting at Sheffield’s Children’s Hospital. It was “the hospitals very own channel showing a mix of cartoons, films and live broadcasts on channel 5 on the ward television sets”.
In 1992 the hospital radio service operating at the Children’s Hospital in Sheffield became known as “Crystal Radio & Television Service”. Because the service broadcasts solely to children the volunteers operating the station realised that a different approach to programming was required. One idea was for the hospital radio studio to have a camera so that the children on the wards could see the DJ.
A report written in 1993 read: “At other times, reports station publicity officer Matthew Sorby, the system is used to transmit film documentaries and pop videos. Each programme tape is pre-recorded up to a week before transmission, with each item being linked by a presenter. Matthew says that the station was set up some two years ago after a great deal of local fund raising and that at the present time the station is able to get its programmes into every ward of the large Children’s Hospital”. Transmission times are Saturday, Sundays and some weekday evenings.
“The charity closed down in the 2005/6 due to funding (all income was based on donations) and a lot of broadcasting history and memories went with it”.
http://wbpdigital.blogspot.co.uk – See entry Saturday September 14 2013.
See Part 3. Sheffield for the history of the Crystal Radio service that started in 1982.
17.1Stafford HTV (Late 1980s)
A service called “Stafford HTV’ is thought to have been formed in the late 1980s. The contact was Mrs B Cooksey.
18.1 “Swansea Hospital TV Service” (1990)
It is thought that a hospital TV service was formed in Swansea in 1990.
It is not known when the service went on air or in which hospital the service was to operate.
- Tunbridge Wells
19.1 Tunbridge Wells Hospital Television (Mid 1980s)
Tunbridge Wells Hospital Television was formed in the mid 1980s.
No broadcasts took place.
- West Bromwich
20.1 Sandwell Hospital Television (About 1984)
Sandwell Hospital Television, run independently from Sandwell Hospital Radio, was formed in the early 1980s by students at a local college who were studying TV production. In about 1984 the service started broadcasting a two hour programme in black & white each Thursday afternoon.
One of the initial problems encountered was the lack of adequate editing facilities, which meant documentaries and features took months to edit. The early members included Howard Parker and his daughter Angela.
In 1994 the service had about 10 members and was broadcasting in colour one hour each Sunday from a basement studio in the Sandwell District Hospital.